Nikanisk Ingonish Island
Ingonish Island is an important place, where both a quarry site and a presumed living site have been found. The quarry is the source for a rock, called Ingonish Island rhyolite, that has been used for thousands years and has been found in archaeological sites across Mi’kma’ki.
In the video shown here, Clifford Paul reports on one such artifact, an arrowhead found in the Cape Breton Highlands, which dates back some 4,500 years.
Excavations in 1975 by St. Francis Xavier archaeologist Ron Nash and his crew at the ancestral site at the Island showed a group of artifacts that were exclusively stone. While it is not a huge collection, it is significant because it spans thousands of years. The artifacts are presumed to have ranged in dates between 8,000 and 1,000 years ago based on their form. Together with evidence of Ingonish Island rhyolite artifacts from other sites, we know this has been an important place for a very, very long time.